Immigration is the process of individuals moving to a different country to establish permanent residence. It’s a topic that has significant social, economic, and cultural implications worldwide. Immigration has been a fundamental aspect of human history, with people moving across borders in search of better opportunities, safety, or to reunite with their families. Immigrants have historically played a crucial role in boosting economies around the world. Immigrants often send money back to their home countries in the form of remittances. In 2020, global remittances reached an estimated $540 billion, supporting families and contributing to local economies, in 2022, growing an estimated 5% to $626 billion.

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There are several types of visas that individuals may apply for when seeking to enter a foreign country. The specific types of visas available can vary depending on the country and its immigration policies. Here are some common types of visas: